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AT&T AS7018 BGP Community Strings

Attention

This BGP Community string information might be outdated. Please contact  AT&T(SBC) AS7018 to get more recent one. This BGP communites is ONLY for the customer who has BGP with AT&T(SBC) AS7018. Showipbgp.com is not maintaining this BGP Community string.


Customer Setup Information

Multi-homing with BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) is the practice of connecting to
multiple service providers and having simultaneous external BGP peering sessions
with each provider. A Multi-homed customer typically owns an Autonomous System
Number and exchanges routing table information with two or more upstream Internet
Service Providers (ISPs).

How will AT&T assist a BGP Multi-homing customer?

1. AT&T Provisioning will assist the customer in bringing up the BGP peering session
between AT&T and the customer. AT&T's Networking Professional Services Group is
available to assist with complex network consulting beyond the scope of standard
implementation tasks. To obtain this type of consulting support, please contact your
AT&T Sales Representative.

2. AT&T offers a managed router solution with BGP4 (BGP Version 4) for multiple
connections to AT&T only.

3. The customer must assume responsibility for any iBGP (internal BGP) configuration or customer controlled backup scenarios.

4. The customer must assume responsibility for any other provider configurations that exist.
 


What do you need to run BGP with AT&T?

 

1. AT&T runs only BGP4. Earlier versions of BGP are not supported.

2. AT&T filters BGP sessions based on network address space. This is called Source
Address Assurance and is a security practice designed to help protect the network from
address "spoofing".

3. Customer Route announcements must be at least /24 in size and either belong to the
customer or be under the authority of the customer.

4. Customers must have their own Autonomous System Number (ASN) for any mult
i-vendor solution. If the customer wishes to run BGP4 with AT&T as the ONLY provider,
a private ASN will be used.

5. Customers must apply for their own ASN through the American Registry for Internet
Numbers (ARIN). Information provided below will be needed for the ASN request form. Autonomous System Numbers can be applied for at http://www.arin.net.

6. A customer must have, or be in the process of gaining, connectivity to two different
ISPs or be ready to prove that they have a vastly different routing policy than their single
ISP in order to qualify for an ASN.


Autonomous System Number Request Template Information:
 

AT&T's Autonomous System Number: 7018
AT&T Technical Contact for Autonomous System Number Request form:
Contact Name: MIS Tier2 Bridgeton, MO
Email Address: MIS_bgp@ems.att.comMIS_bgp@ems.att.comThis e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
ASN Registration Guidelines - http://www.arin.net
Autonomous System Numbers are globally unique numbers that are used to identify an
Autonomous System (AS), and which enable an AS to exchange exterior routing
information between neighboring ASes. An AS is a connected group of IP networks that
adhere to a single and clearly defined routing policy.
There are a limited number of available ASNs, therefore, it is important to determine
which sites require unique ASNs and which do not. Sites that do not require a unique
ASN should use one or more of the ASNs reserved for private use. Those numbers are:
64512 through 65535.
In order to be assigned an ASN, each requesting organization must provide ARIN with
verification that it has:


1. A unique routing policy (its policy differs from its border gateway peers)
2. A multi-homed site


An ASN Request Template is available for requesting the assignment of an ASN. Please
visit http://www.arin.net for additional ASN registration guidelines. AT&T does not
provide registered Autonomous System Numbers or obtain AS Numbers for customers.


AT&T Route Advertisement to Customer AT&T will advertise one of the following sets
of routes, at the option of the customer, over each connection.
• Default Route (0.0.0.0)
• Candidate Default Networks (12/8 and 192.205.31.0/24) (see explanation below)
• AT&T Routes (including Candidate Networks) - To receive these, the customer’s router
will require a minimum 16 MB Memory
• Full Internet Routes - To receive these, the customer’s router will require a minimum
of 64MB Memory On Candidate Default Networks:
Additionally, a route will be originated by the AT&T IP Backbone to its customers to
indicate that the AT&T IP Backbone is reachable. This is useful for customers requiring
a dynamic indication of reach-ability but find the 12.0.0.0/8 announcement is too coarse.
The route originated is 12.127.255.255/32 and carries a BGP community of 7018:1000.

Policy for AT&T Route Announcements
AT&T will announce the following routes to the Internet:

Address Space

Announcement Policy

AT&T's Class A: 12/8 • Announce 12/8 and Announce nothing longer than 12.x.x.x/24 routes. The 12.x.x.x/24 and shorter specific routes will be
announced only if the customer requests AT&T to announce the more specific route.
AT&T's CIDR Class C
address blocks
• Announce nothing longer than the CIDR block prefix
• Announce nothing longer than /24 routes. The /24 and shorter specific routes will be announced only if the customer requests
AT&T to announce the route.
Customer-provided
prefixes that are valid (i.e.,
registered)
• Announce aggregate prefix(es) when appropriate
• Announce customer-owned individual network prefixes only
when the individual customer prefixes cannot be combined
• Announce nothing longer than /24 routes. Announce the /24
and shorter specific routes only at customer request
RFC1918 Address Space • AT&T will not announce RFC1918 address space
Loopback Addresses • AT&T will not announce RFC1918 address space

 


Dynamic Customer Control: RFC1998
 

 

If multiple connections exist to dual ISPs where BGP4 is the routing protocol, the
primary/backup link specification will be under the control of the customer. Thus,
load splitting is also under control of the customer. Customers may affect routing
control by using a variety of methods. AT&T will honor all customer MED (Multi-Exit
Discriminator) settings.
Customer may also use AS Path Padding to prefer or de-prefer a particular path. The
customer may choose to signal AT&T by appending the BGP community attribute to a route
to specify the local preference of the route (see RFC 1998). The following table lists
the signaled BGP community values and the corresponding local preference values attached
to the route by AT&T.

 

BGP Community Received

AT&T IP Backbone Function

None, 7018:100

Local Preference of 100 (Default) Assigned - Used for
Primary Routes

7018 : 90

Local Preference of 90 Assigned - Used for Customer Backup
Routes (INTRA - AT&T)

7018 : 80

Local Preference of 80 Assigned - Used for Routes Equal to
Peer Routes

7018 : 70

Local Preference of 70 Assigned - Used for Customer
Provided Backup (INTER-AT&T + OTHER ISP)

7018 : 20 (Default)

Assign BGP community 7018:2000 to routes. BGP Community
7018:2000 routes are announced to peers and customers.
This BGP community needs to be present on more specific routes from within AT&T-owned address blocks. This community
need not appear on routes for customer-owned addresses
and for addresses owned by a customer's other provider, as
these routes will normally be advertised to peers and
customers. No harm is done if BGP community 7018:20 appears
on such routes.

7018 : 25

Assign BGP community 7018:2500 to routes. BGP Community
7018:2500 routes are announced only to other customers,
not to peers. This is appropriate when customers do not
want AT&T to provide global Internet transit service for this
route.

7018 : 21

Assign BGP community of 7018:2010 to routes. BGP Community
7018:2010 routes are to be used within the AT&T IP
Backbone, but not advertised to peers or customers.
Typically the customer will simultaneously announce a
shorter prefix covering this route, with the shorter prefix
being announced to peers and/or customers. Prefix lengths
on such routes will frequently be longer than /24.



Using BGP community string the customer can transmit separate networks with varying
preferences to achieve the routing policy and traffic flow desired. If the customer does
not want to transmit BGP communities and wants to specify primary/backup status for
routes on specific links, the customer can use a static route configuration.

 


Key BGP Attributes:


1. MED or Multi-Exit Discriminator is a value set by the customer on outbound route announcements to AT&T. This value is used to determine the best possible path when
there are multiple paths from one AS to another. MED is a relative value for comparison
between two connection points. The AT&T IP Backbone will listen to customer MED
settings. The AT&T IP Backbone does not send a MED to the customer. The AT&T IP
Backbone does not send a MED to peers or other customers. A MED is absorbed and
acted upon only within the AT&T IP Backbone.

2. AS PATH PADDING or PREPENDING is the process of stamping multiple instances of
one's own AS to a route announcement to de-prefer that path for inbound traffic.
Customers can use PATH PADDING to influence the routing behavior of external sources
trying to reach the customer.
PATH PADDING may not affect the directly connected network. In other words, traffic
that originates on the AT&T IP Backbone will use the direct connection to reach the
customer regardless of the prepending that has been done to that route announcement.
This is because a directly connected customer has a higher local-preference (BGP
attribute) than a peer route and local-preference is taken into account BEFORE AS PATH.

3. LOCAL PREFERENCE is a very powerful attribute in BGP route selection. Local
preference settings cannot be sent from one AS to another. AT&T allows the customer
to send BGP community strings according to RFC1998 (see Dynamic Customer Control) which
trigger the setting of local preference for routes to the customer in the AT&T IP
Backbone. Customer's should take care when using Local Preference, as it can force
traffic into taking a very indirect, and possibly high latency route to reach a directly
connected customer. For example, a local Preference of 70 will cause AT&T to use a
peer connection to reach a directly connected customer if a route to that customer
through the peer exists.

4. BGP COMMUNITY ATTRIBUTE is a transitive tag that is sent from one Autonomous System
to another. The BGP community attribute is used by AT&T to allow customers to signal local
preference settings for particular route advertisements. AT&T also accepts several well
-known BGP community attributes such as "no-export" and "no-advertise".
 


 


Applying BGP Community string with sample configuration

1. Get the latest BGP community string from your ISP/upstream provider or check new.CiscoNET.com web site.

2. Pick the best BGP community string for your traffic shaping plan (mainly incoming traffic). Most of ISPs are providing BGP community string with local preference and AS prepending option. Cannot tell which one is better than the other. It will depend on your global traffic shaping plan.

3. Follow the below commands ( Cisco only )

The below Sample configuration will tag the 10.0.0.0/24 route with [ISP AS]:120 or [ISP AS]:3 and will not tag any other routes.
 

router#config t
router(config)#ip bgp-community new-format
router(config)#access-list 10 permit 10.0.0.0 0.0.0.255
router(config)#access-list 10 deny any

router(config)#route-map [to-ISP] permit 10
router(config-route-map)#match ip address 10
router(config-route-map)#set community [ISP AS]:120 <---- using Local Preference

or

router(config-route-map)#set community [ISP AS]:3 <------- using AS prepending
router(config-route-map)#route-map [to-ISP] permit 20
router(config-route-map)#exit

router(config)#router bgp [xxxx] <------------------------------- xxxx = customer's ASN
router(config-router)#neighbor x.x.x.x send-community
router(config-router)#neighbor x.x.x.x route-map [to-ISP] out
router(config-router)#exit
router(config)#exit
router#copy running-config startup-config

 

4. And then, go to www.CiscoNET.com and pick one of route server on the map to see your announcement. If you are using AS prepending option, you will see your AS prepends on route servers. Sometime you might not see your route with particular ISP path.
In most of case it might not be any routing problem, just the route path was dropped at somewhere by BGP best path selection scheme. Try Oregon route server, if you can see your route. The Oregon route server is providing many possible and available paths between BGP speakers and neighbors.
If you don't see your route on there? check other route servers and also check your
BGP configuration. You might need to contact your upstream provider to check what they are learning BGP route from you.

 


 

 

* We do NOT support or maintain any BGP community string
** Contact ISP to get more detail information


 
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